加拿大最高法院裁決:醫生可替病人進行輔助自殺

加拿大最高法院於今天(2015年2月6日)裁定刑事法中禁止醫生為病人進行輔助自殺的法例違反《加拿大權利與自由憲章》。一眾維護生命團體及反對安樂死的人士對裁決非常失望。

Campaign Life Coalition主席Jim Huges這樣說:「我們的最高法院今天向所有加拿大人說:弱小者的生命不值得被保護。法庭實際上做了一個決定,認為某些人死了更好,給強者更大的能力去結束弱者的生命。這是令加拿大蒙羞的一天。」

「我們如果真的相信以『同情』或『憐憫』為理由去結束一個人的生命就是解決痛苦的辦法的話,那我們整個國家已經完全對道德視而不見。」

防止安樂死聯盟總監 Alex Schadenberg 稱這裁決是一個很壞的決定。

「輔助自殺合法化會促成更多長者、殘障者或社會上不被重視者的虐待的發生。國會首要的任務應該繼續平等地保護每一位加拿大人。國會及省政府必須提供加拿大人所需要的護理。」他說。

生命恩泉曾就輔助自殺及紓緩服務(Palliative Care)議題製作過相關節目,請瀏覽:
安樂死及輔助自殺
紓緩服務

資料來源:BREAKING: Canada’s top court rules doctors can help kill patients; overturns assisted suicide law

比利時擬取消安樂死年齡限制
Belgium Parliament Likely to Allow Doctors to Euthanize Children This Week

2014/02/14 UPDATE
比利時議會已投票通過兒童安樂死法案,只要比利時國王簽署法案,就會正式成為法律。加拿大魁省醫生 Dr. Paul Saba 發起網上請願,懇請比利時國王不要簽署法案。
Belgian Parliament voted to pass the bill allowing children to be euthanized, it is now up to King Philippe to sign the law. Dr. Paul Saba from Quebec, Canada, started a petition to urge King Philippe not to sign the law:


比利時或快將通過取消安樂死年齡限制的議案,容許為兒童施行安樂死。參議院已於11月投票通過議案,只要眾議院也投票通過,這議案便會成為法例。比利時首都布魯塞爾早前有數百示威者手持黃色汽球抗議。議案將在數天內眾議院進行表決。一名來自加國魁省的醫生,跟他四歲的女兒Jessica,懇求比利時國王不要簽署議案……

Belgium might soon become the first country in the world to enact a law permitting euthanasia of children. The measure has already passed in Belgium’s upper house and only needs a vote in the lower house to pass fully into law. In Brussels, a large protest was held weeks ago. The bill will be debated and voted on within the next few days. Dr. Paul Saba from Quebec, Canada, together with his daughter Jessica make a personal appeal to the King not to sign the law extending euthanasia to Belgian children…

簽署致比利時眾議院網上請願書 Sign online petition to Belgium Parliament:
http://www.citizengo.org/en/860-no-euthanasia-europe

簽署致加拿大司法部長網上請願書 Sign online petition to the Attorney General of Canada:
http://www.epcc.ca/petition/online-petition/

閱讀更多相關報導 Read more:
Belgium Parliament Likely to Allow Doctors to Euthanize Children This Week
Belgium protest: Stop the extension of euthanasia to children

教宗方濟主持的苦路敬禮包含為墮胎和安樂死支持者的禱文
Pope’s Stations of the Cross ceremony includes prayer for promoters of abortion/euthanasia

教宗方濟主持苦路敬禮
Pope Francis led Stations of the Cross
Photo by: Br. Gustavo Kralj
GaudiumPress.org © Copyright

在聖週五,教宗方濟在羅馬競技場主持苦路敬禮。今年的默想由三位來自黎巴嫩的青年人,在當地馬勞尼禮教會宗主教拉伊樞機的指導下撰寫。在苦路第十二處(耶穌基督在十字架上死去),讀經員讀出以下的祈禱:「今天我們為所有推廣墮胎的人祈禱,讓他們明白愛是生命之源。我們也為那些提倡安樂死,以及鼓吹使用危害人性命的醫療程序的人祈禱。」教宗方濟低頭祈禱。

願我們也為那些看不到人生命價值的人祈禱,求天主聖神早日開啟他們的心,不要再麻木的漠視任何人——不論他們的生命在什麼階段——的生存權利。

On Good Friday, Pope Francis led the Stations of the Cross at Colosseum. The reflections were written by three young people from Lebanon under the supervision of the Maronite Patriarch, Cardinal Béchara Boutros Rai. At the twelfth station, the death of Christ on the cross, the lector read the following prayer: “Today we pray that all who promote abortion will realize that love can only be a source of life. Let us recall also the defenders of euthanasia, and those who encourage techniques and procedures that endanger human life”. Pope Francis bowed his head in prayer.

Let us continue to pray for those who fail to see the value of human lives, may the Holy Spirit open their hearts so that they no longer ignore the fundamental right to life for all human beings (including those who are at the beginning or the end of their lives).

資料來源 Source: Pope’s Stations of the Cross ceremony includes prayer for promoters of abortion/euthanasia

魁省醫生群起反對安樂死合法化
Quebec physicians rise up en masse against proposed euthanasia law

魁省有317名醫生發起了一個名為 Physicians’ Alliance for Total Refusal of Euthanasia (PATRE) 的組織,抗議省政府把安樂死合法化。有權威人士懷疑魁省政府會在六月底前修改法例令安樂死合法。該法例將會依據魁省早前一份名為”Dying with Dignity”報告的提議。所有18歲或以上(1)患有「嚴重、不能治癒」的疾病或(2)「喪失能力而沒有機會好轉」或(3)「不斷在肉體或心理上承受著不能忍受的痛苦」的魁省居民,將可要求安樂死。

防止安樂死聯盟總監 Alex Schadenberg 指出由於加拿大刑事法不允許安樂死,他們把安樂死當成「治療」的一種,這樣便屬於省級醫療法的管轄範圍。

A group of 317 Quebec physicians have formed the Physicians’ Alliance for Total Refusal of Euthanasia (PATRE) to convey their outrage over the pending legalization of euthanasia by the government. Pundits suspect that the Quebec government will legislate by the end of June to allow euthanasia. The law will be based on Quebec’s Select Committee “Dying With Dignity Report” and will apply to Quebecers over the age of 18, who make the request and who have a “serious, incurable disease”, or who are in an “advanced state of weakening capacities, with no chance of improvement”, or who have “constant and unbearable physical or psychological suffering that cannot be eased under conditions he or she deems tolerable”.

Alex Schadenberg, executive director of the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, said that they redefine euthanasia as a “medical treatment” for getting around Federal law that prohibits euthanasia. Euthanasia as a “medical treatment” would then fall under the jurisdiction of provincial health care laws.

閱讀全文 Read the full story:
Quebec physicians rise up en masse against proposed euthanasia law

網上聯署 為生命發聲
Two online petitions to sign for defending life

反安樂死網上聯署
Anti-euthanasia Online Petition

防止安樂死聯盟數天前發起了名為Declaration of Hope的網上聯署,要求加拿大國會議員向安樂死及協助他人自殺說不。魁北克省目前正尋求安樂死合法化,我們促請所有維護生命的人藉參與Declaration of Hope聯署,向所有加拿大人重申安樂死的禍害。Campaign Life Coalition綜合了幾個早在十多年前已把安樂死合法化的國家,如何一步一步把施行安樂死的門檻再三放寬,請看以下短片。

The Euthanasia Prevention Coalition (EPC) has launched the Declaration of Hope. Join thousands of people by signing the Declaration of Hope to urge political leaders throughout to re-commit to a positive response to difficult human conditions and to not legalize euthanasia or assisted suicide. It is especially important to send this message at this time as Quebec is trying to legalize euthanasia. Campaign Life Coalition has produced a short film (see below) that illustrates the slippery slope in various countries once euthanasia is legalized.

按此參與聯署。
Sign the Declaration of Hope here.

聯署支持Sun News TV Network
Online Petition to Support Sun News TV Network

Sun News TV network (SNN)是加拿大罕有讓維護生命人士發聲的電視台。該台現正向加拿大視訊委員會 (CRTC) 申請”mandatory carriage”牌照。若申請不獲接納,該台未必能繼續經營下去。請到CanadianTVFirst.ca參與聯署,促請CRTC接納SNN的申請。

In Canada’s pro-abortion-dominated, mainstream media, Sun News TV network (SNN) is a rare platform that provides positive coverage of life issues. The network has applied to CRTC for a “mandatory carriage” license. Such a license is crucial for the network to continue its operation. Please go to CanadianTVFirst.ca to sign the online petition to support SNN.

文章節錄:加拿大聯邦政府就安樂死裁決提出上訴

原文: Canadian government to appeal assisted suicide ruling
中文翻譯: 生命恩泉

加拿大聯邦政府就卑詩最高法院早前推翻現行安樂死法例的裁決提出上訴。

司法部長Rob Nicholson在週五表示保守黨政府尋求延緩執行早前裁決的一切決定,包括容許肌肉硬化症患者Gloria Taylor隨時尋求醫生協助自殺。

「原有禁止安樂死的法例旨在保護社會內弱勢的一群,包括病人、老人及殘疾人士。」Nicholson在聲明中說。「加拿大最高法院承認國家關注保護人類生命,並確認現行法例符合憲法。」

卑詩最高法院法官Lynn Smith於6月15日裁定由於自殺並非違法,協助他人自殺的禁令是對殘疾人士的歧視,她認為阻止沒有能力自殺的人尋求援助去終止自己生命並不公平。

Smith給予政府一年時間去考慮修改現行法律,但給予Taylor「符合憲法的豁免權」讓她隨時尋求協助自殺。

Nicholson說政府反對這「豁免權」,他認為這跟「協助自殺的管理機制」類似。

加拿大國會在2010年以228票對59票否決了安樂死合法化議案。Nicholson在聲明中指出該投票結果是「安樂死議題上民意的表達」。

溫哥華總主教稱安樂死裁決「歪曲」

天主教溫哥華總主教在6月16日發出以下聲明:

天主教溫哥華總主教J. Michael Miller這樣形容週五(6月15日)把安樂死非刑事化的裁決:「它可悲地反映歪曲的價值觀——個人自主權凌駕人類的尊嚴和生命的價值。」

「堅信關心我們的人致力為生命服務,而非奪取生命——在這樣的信念下自由過活才是真正的自由。」

Miller這樣說:「我們已在世界各地見過安樂死合法化的結果,起初制定的安全措施或不被理會,甚至最終被廢除。安樂死不單危害那些結束生命的人,連負責執行安樂死的人也受牽連。」

「我強烈呼籲卑詩省政府就這極為錯誤及危險的裁決提出上訴。」

聲明原文

中文翻譯:生命恩泉

National Post文章: 協助他人自殺議題上的錯誤決定

作者:Dr. Will Johnston
原文:The wrong decision on assisted suicide
中文翻譯:生命恩泉

患肌肉硬化症的Gloria Taylor在協助他人自殺裁決中獲勝訴,週一在溫哥華的記者招待會中展露笑容。
Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press

在6月15日,卑詩省最高法院就卡特(Carter)對加拿大憲法的訴訟作出了裁決,這判決豁免協助他人自殺者的刑事責任,這跟加拿大最高法院在1993年就Rodriguez訴訟的裁決大相逕庭。唯一可幸的是醫生在短期內不能處方致命藥物:現行法例在至少一年內有效(唯一例外的是本案的原告,64歲身患肌肉硬化症(ALS)的泰勒Gloria Taylor)。盼望更高的司法機關能在這12個月期限屆滿前能把局面扭轉。

高院法官史密斯(Lynn Smith)裁定協助他人自殺的禁令是對殘疾人士的歧視:因為這阻止他們尋求援助去終止自己生命,亦因此違反了人權憲章第15章。但憲章本是保障我們免遭他人侵害,而非自我造成的傷害或死亡。

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